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This chapter is subtitled, “Monastic training”, and it is a little different from the other poems. It focuses exclusively on monastic training, and introduces some new concepts.
There is an intro by Sariputta, which may be a later addition. He talks of precepts and religious practices, where before the Buddha de-emphasised those. Further in the previous poems there was a lot of emphasis on what sages don’t do or should abandon doing, here there is explicit talk on what monastics should do.
Receiving food and clothing at the right time,
They know what’s enough for satisfaction.
Guarded in these things and restrained in villages,
Even when offended they say nothing harsh.
Eyes downcast, not agitated, practicing meditation,
They should be ever wakeful.
Composed and equanimous,
They should cut off doubt and worry.
Furthermore, mindfully they should train,
To remove the five stains of the world:
They should conquer passion
For forms, sounds, tastes, smells and touch.
Especially the last I thought was a really clear instruction. Passion can take many forms, and usually denotes desire or clinging. The shape of a woman, beautiful music, delicious food, perfumes and say the feel of a cat, could all be things that arouse feelings.