The Four Noble Truths
"The number of funds universe. The four spheres of mind, the four applicants to seek the wisdom, the wise "
( "The Seventh Wise", verse 4)
Siddarta Sakyamuni Gotama Buddha (538 BC) to 35 years after his enlightenment in Bodhgaya, enunciated the four noble truths and the eightfold path, thus founding the monastic order (Sangha) and then Buddhism.
The four noble truths:
2. "The cause of pain"
3. "way that leads to the extinction of pain"
4. "condition for the absence of pain"
Shakyamuni Buddha meditating on these truths came to birth, sickness, old age, death and desire, an essential event of the human condition.
Pain - The birth is suffering, old age is suffering, sickness is pain, death is suffering, united with things not pleasant is suffering, separation from what one loves is suffering, the inability to satisfy their desires and pain .
The cause of suffering - the ignorance, greed (desire) and attachment are the roots of the pain that give life to the ego ( "I"). The 'I', by binding to the object of desire, determine the condition of pain.
The path that leads to the extinction of pain - Buddhism has indicated in the "righteousness" Eightfold Path the path that leads to the extinction of suffering:
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The study, direct knowledge, meditation, non-attachment, compassion are all vehicles that lead to the suspension of the 'I' and then the extinction of suffering.
Condition of absence of pain - and the disappearance and extinction of desire, the liberation and detachment from it. Anywhere in the world there are seemingly delightful and pleasant, there this craving may be abandoned, there may be extinct. This condition arise insight, wisdom, knowledge and clarity that allow the being to live the paradise within, "here and now.http://www.paroleinutili.it/contStd.asp?lang=it&idPag=556