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Eight Worldly Preoccupations

1. Hope for happiness
2. Fear of suffering
3. Hope for fame
4. Fear of insignificance
5. Hope for praise
6. Fear of blame
7. Hope for gain
8. Fear of loss

Taken together, these preoccupations represent attachment and aversion.



  • Reminds me of some of my mental health manuals.

    Are you studying the Abhidharma? It does include a fascinating and interesting analysis. It is surprisingly missing in most psychology books (not even one mention..), yet Buddhism sometimes does not like to mingle or receive the label of "philosophy of mind".

    Good day!

  • JeroenJeroen Luminous beings are we, not this crude matter Netherlands Veteran

    They are also known as the Eight Worldly Winds.

  • IdleChaterIdleChater USA Veteran

    These are often presented as 4 pairs: 1 & 2, 3 & 4 and so on.

    Taken that way, they are opposites. The first is happiness and suffering. Happiness and suffering are opposites. It's the "opposites" that are most important. Preoccupation with happiness is an obstacle, as is one with suffering. Both are conditioned and ever-changing. Illusion. By being preoccupied with both, like seeking to avoid suffering and finding happiness, you introduce duality. A preoccupation with one is a preoccupation with the_ other_.

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